In South Africa, the establishment of IDZs is a recent phenomenon intended to attract investment, increase exports and the competitiveness of South African products. Currently the country houses four IDZs in:
Port Elizabeth (COEGA IDZ)
East London (ELIDZ)
Richards Bay (RBIDZ)
Gauteng (OR Tambo International Airport)
In addition, further sites have been identified and already some are being developed.
The South African IDZ programme is aimed at raising the competitiveness of the manufacturing sector through “leveraging investment in export-oriented manufacturing industries and the export of value-added manufactured products.
The emphasis on developing the manufacturing sector shows a positive engagement by the
South African Government to offset the decline in the share of employment in the country’s traditional sectors namely agriculture and mining.